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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


    The journal welcomes manuscripts in the following areas of interest: 
    Scientific Contributions Scientific Contributions 6000 (minimum) - 10000 words (maximum) in length. Original articles with a longer and argued exposition of problems, topics or problem areas. These should include an abstract and key words.
    Practical Viewpoints/Discussion Point (5000 to 8000 words): Short communications, e.g. case discussions, current issues, research project overviews; special surveys and articles on programmes and courses in folkloristics, cultural studies, popular religion, ethics and philosophy, education, or exposition of research programmes and results from various centres, departments and institutions. These may include an abstract and key words.
    Comments: The articles can be commented by experts in the field. (400-2000 words).
    News and bookreviews. Full title and bigliographical data of the book.Maximum 2500 words.


    We appreciate any efforts that you make to ensure that the language is corrected before submission. This will greatly improve the legibility of your paper if English is not your first language. 
    The journal‘s language is English. British English or American English spelling and terminology may be used, but either one should be followed consistently throughout the article. Please double-space all material, including notes and references. Quotations of more than 40 words should be set off clearly, by indenting the left-hand margin. Use double quotation marks for direct quotations and single quotation marks for quotations within quotations and for words or phrases used in a special sense. 
    Number the pages consecutively with the first page containing:

    • running head (shortened title)
    • article type
    • title
    • author(s)
    • affiliation(s)
    • full address for correspondence, including telephone and fax number and e-mail address 

    a) Abstract and keywords 

    Please provide a short abstract of 100 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. Please provide 5 to 10 keywords or short phrases in alphabetical order. Since the abstract and the keywords will be used to select appropriate reviewers, it is essential to make them as informative as possible. 

    b) Abbreviations 

    Abbreviations should be explained at first occurrence.

    c) Section headings 

    First-, second-, third-, and fourth-order headings should be clearly distinguishable.

    d) Illustrations 

    Figures should be saved in separate files. Figure legends should be included in the text file. 
    All photographs, graphs, and diagrams should be referred to as ‘Figure’ and they should be numbered consecutively (1, 2, etc.). Multi-part figures ought to be labelled with lower case letters (a, b, etc.). Please insert keys and scale bars directly in the figures. Relatively small text and great variation in text sizes within figures should be avoided as figures are often reduced in size. Figures may be sized to fit approximately within the column(s) of the journal. Provide a detailed legend (without abbreviations) to each figure (source of the figure / name of the photographer / date), and place it in its approximate location in the text. 
    Figures have to be submitted electronically, in TIFF, EPS, PS, or JPG format. For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS. For bitmapped graphics, the preferred format is TIFF. The following resolutions are optimal: line figures - 600-1200 dpi; photographs - 300 dpi; screen dumps - leave as they are. Colour figures may be submitted in the RGB colour system. Font-related problems can be avoided by using standard fonts such as Times Roman, Courier, and Helvetica/Arial. 

    e) Appendices 

    Supplementary material should be collected in an Appendix which comes before the Notes and Reference sections. 

    f) Notes 

    Please use endnotes only. Bibliographic information should be listed in a separate Reference section (see ‘References‘ for further information). Notes should be indicated by consecutive superscript numbers in the text and collected at the end of the article before the references. A source reference note should be indicated by an asterisk after the title. This note should be placed at the bottom of the first page. 

    g) Cross-referencing 

    Please make optimal use of the cross-referencing features of your software package. Do not cross-reference page numbers. Cross-references should refer to: 

    • the number of a displayed equation
    • the number of a table
    • the number of a figure
    • the name / year of a reference entry

    In the text, a reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses and page number(s) where appropriate. If there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ‘et al.‘. In the event that the author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the citation and the reference should contain a lower case letter like a and b after the date to distinguish the works. 

    (Loorits 1949: 122)
    (Loorits, 1932a)
    (Loorits 1932b)
    (Loorits 1932; Viires & Vahtre et al. 1994)
    (Poikalainen & Ernits 1992)

    h) Acknowledgements 

    Acknowledgements of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the References. 

    i) References 

    References to books, journal articles, articles in collections and conference or workshop proceedings should be collected in a list at the end of the paper and listed in alphabetical order following the style below. Please add DOIs (digital object identifier) of articles or books if available, to enhance the visibility and quotability. Articles submitted for publication are included in the Reference list with remark ‘forthcoming’. Articles in preparation, personal communications, unpublished observations, etc. should not be included in the Reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., A. Moor, personal communication). 
    References to books should include the author‘s name; year of publication; title in full in italics; place of publication; publisher; page numbers where appropriate. For example: 

    Bakhtin, Michail 1968. Rabelais and His World. Cambridge MS: M.I.T. Press.

    References to essays in an edited collection should include the author‘s name; year of publication; title of essay; editor‘s name; title of volume in italics; place of publication; publisher, and page numbers for the essay. 
    References to essays in (conference) proceedings should include the author‘s name; year of publication; title of essay; editor‘s name (if any); title of proceedings in italics; publisher and/or organisation from whom the proceedings can be obtained; place of publication, and page numbers for the essay. 
    References to articles in periodicals should include the author‘s name; year of publication; title of article; full title of periodical in italics; volume; number where appropriate, and page numbers for the article. 
    References to technical reports or doctoral dissertations should include the author‘s name; year of publication; title in italics; institution; location of institution: e.g. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Tartu, Estonia. 

    j) Tables 

    Each table should be numbered consecutively (1, 2, etc.). In tables, footnotes are preferable to long explanatory material in either the heading or body of the table. Such explanatory footnotes, identified by superscript letters, should be placed immediately below the table. Please provide a caption (without abbreviations) to each table, and place the table with the caption in its approximate location in the text. 
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