Figure 11. A bird-man with
theriomorphic headdress and wings. A bronze stud from the Perm
province. 1st-3rd centuries. After Oborin, Chagin 1988: 60.
Figure 12. A Sami at the second half of
the 18th century. From the collection «All Nations in
Russia» by Johann Gottlieb George. After Kosmenko 1993: 13.
Figure 13. «Family unity»
(After V. Charnoluski). Parents and their child on back of a
lizard-like creature under the archway of reindeer heads. A bronze
stud from the Perm province. 8th-9th centuries. After Oborin, Chagin
Figure 14. Worshipping a seita-stone.
After J. Schefferus (17th cent.).
Figure 15. Women and reindeer in a
church with three aisles. An embroidery from the Tver gubernatorial
district (the 1880s). After Rybakov 1994: 485, see also 480). The
sacredness of the composition is beyond doubt.
Figure 16. A detail of the Sami
trolldrum. In 1691 its owner Anders Poulsen explained the figures
depicted on it as follows: 1 - ilmaris, i.e. storm and bad
weather, 2 - diermes, i.e. thunder, 3 - a wild reindeer. After
Rydving 1991: 38-39. Is it a coincidence that Tiermes and the
reindeer are depicted on the drum standing next to each other?
Figure 17. The Ukonsaari island in Lake
Inari. A drawing by Samuli Paulaharja. After Haavio 1947: 317.
Figure 18. An ornament of the Sami.
After Haruzin 1890. In the ancient religion of several peoples the
swastika is the symbol of sun. (Cooper 1986: 188).
Figure 19. The central part of a shaman drum from the early 17th century.
After Kjellström 1991: 112. Drawing parallels with the previous
illustration allows us to consider the reindeer figure a symbol of
sun. The reindeer depicted in front of the bow-hunter might symbolise
the victim of thunder god.
Figure 20. The sun deer of the Tagar culture in Kuzbass. From the 1st
millennium BC. After Okladnikov, Martynov 1972: 223.
Figure 21. Deer stones with symbols of
sun and what are presumably flying deer. After Okladnikov, Martynov