An International Journal on Charms, Charmers and Charming
Issue 5, 2017

Editor: Mare Kõiva
To buy this issue, contact the editors. You can see the latest issue here (PDF) or click on article titles for individual PDF files.

  • Introduction
    Mare Kõiva
    Pp. 7-8
    doi: 10.7592/Incantatio2014_Introduction

    The fifth issue of the journal Incantatio continues the publication of research articles on the broad scope of charms and charmers. This time the painstaking peer-review process selected five articles from the dozen submitted. The issue include analyses of written charming tradition and investigates chromatic beliefs and the colour system of charms. The topography of investigations covers Baltic, Balto-Finnic, Finno-Ugric and Slavic traditions.

  • "Red Growth, Yellow Growth, White Growth...": Chromatic Beliefs in Udmurt Folk Medicine and Healing Charms
    Tatiana Panina
    Pp. 9-28
    doi: 10.7592/Incantatio2017_Panina

    Traditional culture is one of the key factors influencing our colour perception. The present article aims to analyse the colour concepts and symbolism of Udmurt folk medicine, in particular, healing rituals and charms. Consideration is given not only to the most widespread hues and their specific meanings within magic folk poetry, but also to the combination of colours, which fulfils an important role in emphasizing the efficacy of verbal means of magic. Additionally, the study demonstrates the folk classification of medical conditions based on colour characteristics. It is concluded that colour semantics entirely depends on the pragmatic objectives of healing rituals and charms.
    Keywords: Udmurts, Udmurt folklore, folk medicine, healing rituals, verbal charms, colour symbolism

  • Salome on Ice: A Case of a Rare Latvian Fever Charm
    Toms Kencis
    Pp. 29-35
    doi: 10.7592/Incantatio2017_Kencis

    Published in 1881, a Latvian fever charm featuring maidens dancing on ice serves as a source for research into three directions of verbal charm scholarship. It marks the north-western border of transmission of certain motifs found in the charm, which date back to the first half of the first millennia A.D. It also allows the transformation of these motifs to be tracked adapting to religious and magic traditions en route from Syria through Byzantines and Western Slavonic regions. Last of all, it illustrates mechanical dissemination of a charm text, related to institutional practices of the discipline during the interwar period.
    Keywords: transmission, migration, demons, fever, healing

  • Poetics of Mari Incantations
    Natalia Glukhova
    Pp. 36-52
    doi: 10.7592/Incantatio2017_Glukhova

    This article sets forth the stylistic characteristics of Mari incantations, which constitute an integral part of Mari spiritual culture. The texts of charms represent a rare phenomenon due to the long history of their existence and their peculiar language features. At the same time, the tradition of magical texts can still be observed today. A sample of approximately 500 incantations from different sources allowed them to be divided into six groups. They differ in compositional structure, temporal characteristics, and expressive and stylistic devices. The latter is the object of study here. The research shows that among various expressive means and stylistic devices, the incantations are rich in syntactic stylistic means and folklore tropes. This choice of means can be explained by the "laws" of oral presentation of magical texts and their pragmatic aims.
    Keywords: expressive means, folklore tropes, incantations, informational content, pragmatic aim, stylistic devices, syntactic stylistic means

  • Charms against Worms in Wounds: The Text and the Ritual
    Tatjana Agapkina
    Pp. 53-64
    doi: 10.7592/Incantatio2017_Agapkina

    The article traces the origin of the Eastern and Western Slavic spells against worms in wounds as a result of intersection of the believes, folk motives, magical acts, and the dialectal words.
    Keywords: spells, Slavs, folklore, ritual, diseases of livestock, dialectal speech

  • Serpent Symbolism in Vepsian Incantations
    Irina Vinokurova
    Pp. 65-74
    doi: 10.7592/Incantatio2017_Vinokurova

    Incantations are a little known and virtually unstudied genre of Vepsian folklore. About 35 incantations devoted to snakes were derived from published sources, as well as from archival and field materials. These texts formed the basis for the present study.
    An inherent feature of most Vepsian incantations is the listing of the kinds of snakes differing in coloration. During the study, 23 texts where snake colours are mentioned were found. Their analysis indicates that all texts mention, usually in the first place, the black colour - 23 occurrences, the second and third positions occupied by the motley (22) or grey (17) coloration.
    Keywords: colour, incantation, snake, Vepsian incantation

doi: 10.7592/Incantatio2017_BookReview

Vinokurova, Irina Iur'evna. Mifologiia vepsov. Entsiklopediia. [Encyclopaedia of Vepsian Mythology]. Petrozavodsk: Izdatel’stvo PetrGU, 2015. 524 pp. (Mare Kõiva)

Беларускi фальклор : Матэрыялы и даследаваннi: зб. навук. прац. [Belarusian Folklore: Materials and Research]. Галоyны рэдактар T. B. Bалодзiна. Bып. 1-4. Miнск: Бeларуская навука, 2014-2017.
(Tacciana Valodzina/Tatiana Volodina)

doi: 10.7592/Incantatio2017_Reports
Charms, Charmers and Charming. International Conference (Pécs, May 15-17, 2015)

Back to Incantatio main page